||(english) An external force acting throughout the mass of a body. Gravity is a body force. An inertial force is a body force.
||(english) An external force which acts over a region of length, surface, or area: essentially any external force which is not a concentrated force.
||(english) A surface force or body force acting on an object. External forces are sometimes called applied forces.
||(english) Forces which hold an object together when external forces or other loads are applied. Internal forces are sometimes called resisting forces since they resist the effects of external forces.
||(english) An external force. The term load is sometimes used to describe more general actions such as temperature differentials or movements such as foundation settlements.
||(english) A reaction is a force exerted by a support on an object: sometimes called support reaction. Using this definition, a reaction is an external force.
||(english) The principle stating that a force has the same external effect on an object regardless of where it acts along its line of action.
|Adaptive maintenance -
||(Software Engineering) activity associate with changing an application to make it conform to changes in its external environment
|Black box testing -
||(Software Engineering) testing that does not focus on the internal details of the program but uses external requirements